what is oxycodone
Oxycodone is an opiate painkiller. It’s used to treat severe pain, for example after an operation or a serious injury, or pain from cancer.
It’s also used for other types of long-standing pain when weaker painkillers, such as paracetamol, ibuprofen and aspirin, have not worked.
it is only available on prescription. It comes as slow-release tablets, capsules and a liquid which you swallow. It can also be given by an injection, but this is usually done in hospital.
it is also known by the brand names Oxynorm and OxyContin.
It’s sometimes given as a tablet which also has a medicine called naloxone in it (Targinact). This is used to prevent certain side effects, such as constipation.
- it works by stopping pain signals travelling along the nerves to the brain.
- it liquid and capsules work in 30 to 60 minutes but wear off after 4 to 6 hours.
- It’s possible to become addicted to oxycodone, but your doctor will explain how to reduce the risks of becoming addicted.
- If you need to take oxycodone for more than a few weeks, your treatment plan may include details of how and when to stop taking this medicine.
- The most common side effects of the drugs are constipation, feeling sick and feeling sleepy.
Who can and cannot take oxycodone
it can be taken by adults and children aged 1 month and older.
Babies, young children and older people are more likely to get side effects.
Oxycodone uk is not suitable for some people. Tell your doctor before starting this medicine if you:
- have ever had an allergic reaction to oxycodone or any other medicine
- have lung problems, asthma or breathing difficulties
- have an addiction to alcohol
- have a head injury or condition which causes seizures or fits
- have an underactive thyroid gland (hypothyroidism)
- have kidney or liver problems
- have an enlarged prostate
- have low blood pressure (hypotension)
- have a mental health condition which is affected by certain medicines
- have had recent stomach surgery or bowel problems
- are trying to get pregnant, are already pregnant or if you’re breastfeeding
How and when to take it
Follow your doctor’s instructions about how to use this medicine. This is particularly important because oxycodone can be addictive.
Take the drugs with, or just after, a meal or snack as it’s less likely to make you feel sick.
It’s important to swallow slow-release oxycodone tablets whole with a drink of water.
Oxycodone comes as:
- capsules – these contain 5mg, 10mg or 20mg of oxycodone
- slow-release tablets – these contain 5mg, 10mg, 15mg, 20mg, 30mg, 40mg, 60mg, 80mg or 120mg of oxycodone
- liquid – this contains 5mg of oxycodone in 5ml or 10mg of oxycodone in 1ml of liquid.
Oxycodone liquid, capsules and injections work faster (fast acting). They’re used for pain which is expected to last for a short time and often used when you start taking oxycodone, to help find the right dose.
Oxycodone tablets are slow release. This means the oxycodone is gradually released into your body over either 12 or 24 hours. This type of oxycodone takes longer to start working but lasts longer. It’s used for long-term pain.
Sometimes your doctor may prescribe both fast-acting and slow-release oxycodone to manage long-term pain.
Do not break, crush, chew or suck oxycodone uk slow-release tablets. If you do, the slow-release system will not work and the whole dose might get into your body in one go. This could cause an overdose.
How often will I take it?
How often you take it depends on the type of oxycodone that you’ve been prescribed:
- capsules – usually 4 to 6 times a day
- slow-release tablets – usually 1 to 2 times a day
- liquid – usually 4 to 6 times a day
You can take it at any time of day, but try to take it at the same time every day and space your doses evenly. For example, if you take oxycodone twice a day and have your first dose at 8am, take your second dose at 8pm.
Will my dose go up or down?
Usually, you start on a low dose of oxycodone and this is increased gradually until your pain is well controlled. Once your pain is under control, your doctor may prescribe slow-release tablets. This may cut down the number of doses you have to take each day.
When you stop taking the drugs, your doctor will gradually reduce your dose, especially if you’ve been taking it for a long time.
What if I forget to take it?
This will depend on which type of dose you’re taking.
If you forget to take a dose, check the information that comes with the medicine or ask your pharmacist or doctor for advice.
Never take 2 doses at the same time to make up for a forgotten one.
If you often forget doses, it may help to set an alarm to remind you. You could also ask a pharmacist for advice on other ways to remember to take your medicine.
What if I take too much?
It’s important not to take more than your prescribed dose, even if you think it’s not enough to relieve your pain. Speak to your doctor first, if you think you need a different dose.
Urgent advice:Call 111 now if:
- you take too much of the drugs
If you take too much it you may feel very sleepy, sick or dizzy, find it difficult to breathe or become unconscious.
Go to 111.nhs.uk or call 111
If you need advice for a child under the age of 5 years, call 111.
If you go to A&E, do not drive yourself – get someone else to drive you or call for an ambulance.
Take the oxycodone box or leaflet inside the packet plus any remaining medicine with you.
Where to store oxycodone
If you’re prescribed oxycodone, it’s really important that you:
- store it properly and safely at home
- keep it out of the sight and reach of children
- do not give your medicine to anyone else
- return any unused oxycodone to a pharmacy so it can be thrown away safely
Taking oxycodone with other painkillers
It’s safe to take the drugs with paracetamol, ibuprofen or aspirin (do not give aspirin to children under 16 years of age).
Do not take it with painkillers that contain codeine. You will be more likely to get side effects.
Painkillers that contain codeine include co-codamol (codeine and paracetamol), Nurofen Plus (codeine and ibuprofen), co-codaprin (codeine and aspirin) and Solpadeine (codeine, paracetamol, ibuprofen and caffeine).
Oxycodone Side effects
Like all medicines, the drug can cause side effects in some people, but many people have no side effects or only minor ones.
The higher the dose of it the more chance that you will get side effects.
Common oxycodone side effects
Common side effects happen in more than 1 in 100 people. Talk to a doctor or pharmacist if these side effects bother you or do not go away:
- feeling or being sick (nausea or vomiting)
- stomach discomfort
- feeling sleepy or tired
- feeling dizzy and a sensation of spinning (vertigo)
- itchiness or rash
Serious oxycodone side effects
Serious side effects happen in less than 1 in 100 people. Call a doctor if you have:
- muscle stiffness
- feel dizzy, tired and have low energy – this could be a sign of low blood pressure (hypotension)
Immediate action required:Call 999 if:
- you have had a seizure or fit (where your body jerks and shakes)
- you have difficulty breathing or short shallow breathing
Serious allergic reaction
In rare cases, it’s possible to have a serious allergic reaction (anaphylaxis) to oxycodone.
Immediate action required:Call 999 or go to A&E now if:
- you get a skin rash that may include itchy, red, swollen, blistered or peeling skin
- you’re wheezing
- you get tightness in the chest or throat
- you have trouble breathing or talking
- your mouth, face, lips, tongue or throat start swelling
You could be having a serious allergic reaction and may need immediate treatment in hospital.
These are not all the side effects of oxycodone. For a full list, see the leaflet inside your medicine packet.
Information:You can report any suspected side effect using the Yellow Card safety scheme.
How to cope with side effects
What to do about:
- constipation – try to include more high-fibre foods in your diet such as fruits, vegetables and cereals. Try to drink several glasses of water each day. If you can, it may also help to do some gentle exercise. Ask your doctor about medicine to help prevent or treat constipation caused by oxycodone.
- stomach discomfort, feeling or being sick – take oxycodone with or just after a meal or snack to ease feelings of sickness. Ensure the tablets or capsules are swallowed whole with a glass of water. This side effect should usually wear off after a few days. Talk to a doctor about taking anti-sickness medicine if it carries on for longer.
- feeling sleepy, tired or dizzy – these side effects should wear off within a week or two as your body gets used to oxycodone. Talk to a doctor if they carry on for longer.
- confusion – talk to a doctor if you feel confused. Your dose may need to be adjusted.
- headaches – make sure you rest and drink plenty of fluids. It may be best not to drink alcohol while taking oxycodone as this can make headaches worse. It’s safe to take an everyday painkiller such as paracetamol or ibuprofen. Talk to a doctor if headaches last longer than a week or are severe.
- itchiness or rash – it may help to take an antihistamine which you can buy from a pharmacy. Check with the pharmacist to see what type is suitable for you. If symptoms do not go away or they get worse, talk to a doctor as you may need to try a different painkiller.
Do not take any other medicines to treat the side effects of oxycodone without speaking to a pharmacist or doctor first.
Pregnancy and breastfeeding
the drugs is generally not recommended during pregnancy or while breastfeeding.
In early pregnancy, it’s been linked to some problems for your baby. If you take oxycodone at the end of pregnancy there’s a risk that your baby may get withdrawal symptoms or be addicted to oxycodone when they’re born.
However, it’s important to treat pain in pregnancy. For some pregnant women with severe pain, it might be the right medicine. Your doctor is the best person to help you decide what’s right for you and your baby.
Find out more about how oxycodone can affect you and your baby during pregnancy from Best Use of Medicines in Pregnancy (BUMPS).
Oxycodone and breastfeeding
it is not usually recommended if you’re breastfeeding. Small amounts of oxycodone pass into breast milk and may cause breathing problems for your baby.
Tell a doctor if you are breastfeeding. They may be able to recommend a different painkiller.
Non-urgent advice: Tell your doctor if you’re:
- trying to get pregnant
Cautions with other medicines
Some medicines and oxycodone interfere with each other and increase the chance that you will have side effects.
Tell a doctor before you start taking oxycodone if you are taking any medicines:
- to help you sleep
- for depression or mental health problems – some types cannot be taken with oxycodone
- for high blood pressure (hypertension)
- to help stop you feeling or being sick (vomiting), such as domperidone or metoclopramide
- to treat symptoms of an allergy such as antihistamines
- to reduce tension or anxiety
- for an infection
- to control seizures of fits due to epilepsy
Mixing oxycodone with herbal remedies and supplements
It’s not possible to say that the drugs is safe to take with herbal remedies and supplements. They’re not tested for the effect they have on other medicines in the same way pharmacy and prescription medicines are.
Oxycodone 80mg - Pharmacy Shop
Oxycodone 80mg is an opiate painkiller. It's used to treat severe pain, for example after an operation or a serious injury, or pain from cancer. It's also used for other types of long-standing pain when weaker painkillers, such as paracetamol, ibuprofen and aspirin, have not worked.
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